Exhaust Diameter, Length, and Baffle

How about the differences in exhaust as related to exhaust diameter, length and baffle? Most of us are looking for the deepest sound we can find and rely on websites for sound bytes, which you know never sound like the real thing. If we could understand how size effects sound, we can make a better informed decision on the pipes we buy. P.S. we also still what performance.

Our Friends at SuperTrapp had this to say:

If we’re talking about straight through pipes with no mufflers/baffles then a smaller diameter pipe will give you a snappier sound (high frequency) and a larger diameter pipe will give you a deeper sound (low frequency). Longer pipe lengths lessen the volume of sound and shorter pipes increase the volume of sound. Something to keep in mind is that the human ear is more sensitive to higher frequencies; this means that we perceive these sounds as louder. If a muffler or baffle is added to the equation then the pipe size has only a minor affect on the overall sound. Also, a muffler can alter sound significantly depending on the design. Many technologies are employed in the design of mufflers or baffles. At this point we need to understand the difference between a muffler and a baffle. A muffler is a mechanical assembly that employs multiple components and technologies to reduce sound in an exhaust system. A baffle is a mechanical device used to disrupt sound waves. In most cases baffles are used as a component in a muffler assembly. The term “Baffle” has become common these days because of their use in drag pipes. They’re used in drag pipe designs due to the limited space inside of the pipe. Muffler assemblies are far more complex. These assemblies can incorporate many components to alter sound waves. These components can range from packing materials such as fiberglass, ceramic wool, and stainless wools to perforated tubing, baffle tubes, and baffle plates or any combination of these components. Due to the vast design configurations and their abilities to manipulate sound, there is no hard fast rule that can be given to say how a specific muffler will sound. Unfortunately, as we’ve learned, “you cannot muffle horsepower”. All street exhaust designs are a balance between power and appropriate sound quality. Something else to keep in mind is that the engine configuration plays the biggest part in overall sound. Compression ratios, cylinder heads, cams, and ignition timing all affect the sound output of any given engine.

Wrench Safe, FMH
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